In their natural environment, the plant is part of a rich ecosystem that includes numerous and diverse microorganisms in the soil.
It has long been recognized that some of these microbes, such as mycorrhizal fungi or symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria, play a crucial role in the performance of the plant by increasing the mineral nutrients. You can get to know about biofertilizer through online search.
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However, a variety of microbes associated with plants and their potential to replace synthetic agricultural inputs only recently began to unfold. In recent years, great progress has been made in the knowledge of the composition and dynamics of the rhizosphere microbiomes.
There is clear evidence that the microbiome structure forming plant, most likely by root exudates, and also that the bacteria have developed adaptations to thrive in niches rhizosphere. The mechanism of this interaction and the process of driving change in microbiomes, however, largely unknown.
In this review, we focus on the interaction of plants and roots related bacteria to improve plant mineral nutrition, summarize the current knowledge in several areas of research that can be gathered to improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon.
Plants show the various interactions with soil-dwelling organisms, which span the range of possible ecological (competitive, exploitative, neutral, commensal, mutualistic).